With the high temperatures of late summer months approaching, Child Care Aware® of America’s Emergency Preparedness Team wants to remind you, to take necessary precautions to ensure you and your children are safe this summer. Children are at greater risk than adults for dehydration and heat-related illnesses.
On days of extreme heat, it is recommended to stay in cool, air-conditioned areas to avoid the risk of sunburns and other heat-related illnesses. High levels of heat and humidity make it more difficult for the body to maintain a normal temperature. When your body overheats, it could damage your brain and other vital organs.
Protect Yourself and Children
- Children should take 5 minute water breaks when outside and find a spot in the shade for every 25 minutes spent in the sun.
- Teenagers should be drinking 8 ounces of water for every 30 minutes in the sun.
- Encourage your child to drink water even if he/she does not feel thirsty.
- It is not necessary to give your child salt tablets as they can delay the body’s water absorption.
- Applying sunscreen is one very important way to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful UVA and UVB rays
Types of Advisories for Extreme Heat
Issued when the heat index is expected to reach between 105-109oF in the next 12 to 24 hours
Excessive Heat Watch
Issued when the heat index feels like 110oF or higher within the next 24 to 48 hours
Excessive Heat Warning
Issued when the heat index feels like 110oF or higher within the next 12 to 24 hours
(Heat index is a measure of how hot the temperature will feel once the humidity is factored in.)
- Wear lightweight, loose, and lightly colored clothing
- Children (6 months and older) are recommended to use a sunscreen of at least SPF 30 (and up to SPF 50).
Important Notes Regarding UV Rays & Sunscreen Protection
- UVB rays will usually burn the superficial layers of your skin.
- Plays a key role in the development of skin cancer
- UVA rays penetrate deep into the dermis, the skin’s thickest layer.
- Can lead to premature skin aging and wrinkling, as well as suppression of the immune system
- Sunscreens are measured and marked based on how long it takes before UVB rays to redden your skin.
- When deciding which sunscreen to use, remember that the higher the SPF, the longer your skin is protected.
- According to the Skin Cancer Foundation and the CDC, SPF 15 will provide approximately 5 hours of adequate skin protection blocking 93% of the sun’s UVB rays.
- Sunscreen should be applied 30 minutes before sun exposure and about every 2 hours once outside.
- Should also be re-applied after a sweating, swimming, or toweling off